What is Sodium Fluoroacetate
also known as
compound 1080?

Most of the nation knows little or nothing about compound 1080.
Who is ADC and what connection does it have to this lethal poison?
Should you be concerned?.........you betcha!!

Most citizens sit back and trust the agencies who claim to protect them and our wildlife population......indeed as tax payers we have every right to expect that.

Read on and no doubt you will leave with a little bit different outlook and for sure you will be a much more informed citizen.

Consider this scenario:

A coyote goes after a ewe. Bites the collar and gets a dose of 1080. Two hours later, while drinking from a creek, the poison begins to take effect. After he thrashes around in extreme agony, he dies. His body collapses in the creek. 1080 is unleashed.

Down stream, a bear visits the stream and grabs a fish. He eats the fish, leaves the skeletal remains on the shore and wanders off to die. A raccoon finds the remains and scavenges what's left. A doe stops to get a drink of water. Two hours and 25 miles later, she dies. Wolves raid the carcass. Ravens come to feast then fly further away. Warblers ... and so on and so on...

Now for the icing on the cake. This poison is chemically stable. That means that a decade from now, the ground it is spilled on is toxic. It has the ability to kill x-potentially.

Thank you to
North American Wolf Association for this scenario.


The Livestock Protection Collars are handled and distributed by Animal Damage Control (ADC) agency and Animal Damage Control (ADC), NOW CALLED WILDLIFE SERVICES is a branch of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

An excerpt taken from:
http://www.fund.org/facts/adc.html

A BRIEF HISTORY!

In 1931, Congress established the Animal Damage Control program, and animal control became institutionalized at the federal level within the Department of Interior (in the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service). Sheep ranchers and other livestock interest groups convinced Congress to pass the legislation, which calls for "campaigns for the destruction" of "animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game animals, fur bearing animals, and birds." ***In 1985, as a result of pressure from western states, Congress transferred the ADC program to the Department of Agriculture, thereby putting predator control into the hands of an agency wedded to the livestock industry.***

In 1996, ADC agents killed 82,243 coyotes, primarily in western states. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's own statistics indicate that the government spends $2.60 on predator control for every $1 lost in livestock.

ADC represents an immense drain of taxpayer dollars to cover the losses of very few citizens. Ranchers suffering livestock losses graze their animals on publicly owned land at very cheap rates. Thus, American taxpayers are subsidizing grazing for ranchers who demand that they further subsidize, at enormous cost, the destruction of predators killing relatively small numbers of their livestock. This corporate welfare ignores the suffering of ADC's victims and the vital ecological role that species play in their habitats.

ADC DOES NOT require PUBLIC Input before beginning a CONTROL PROGRAM in ANY area. They are at the "Beck and Call" of Ranchers, Sheep Farmers etc. who pay part of their bill and GUESS what - an animal doesn't even have to be going after any Livestock. Every year, ADC kills tens of thousands of coyotes, and many bears, mountain lions, bobcats, wolves and other predators . ADC also kills animals for eating flowers and pet food, digging in gardens, frightening people, and other concerns that could easily be addressed by nonviolent methods.

One of the MAIN means by which ADC accomplishes their KILLS is through the use os a substance known as COMPOUND 1080 chemically known as: SODIUM FLUOROACETATE!

WHAT IT IS AND WHAT IT DOES!

Compound 1080 is a highly toxic, slow-acting poison that causes immense suffering in its victims. The federal agency authorized to kill predators with Compound 1080, the ADC, reports that death "occurs in TWO to FIVE hours OR MORE" and "may result from gradual cardiac failure; progressive depression of the central nervous system with either cardiac or respiratory failure as the terminal event; or respiratory arrest following severe convulsions." IN OTHER WORDS, THE ANIMAL WILL EXPERIENCE PROLONGED SUFFERING, BUT NOT BEFORE WANDERING AND DYING FAR FROM THE POISON SITE.

THE REAL DEATH FACTS FROM FIELD OBSERVATIONS!

Coyotes which ingest a few drops of the 1080 from the LPC may not show immediate symptoms, and often linger between 2 to 7 hours before dying. Throughout this time symptoms reveal extensive suffering including convulsions, dry heaves, disoriented running, biting their flanks and yipping. Death occurs slowly, as the victim succumbs to cardiac or respiratory failure, or progressive failure of their nervous system.

Secondary deaths may result when animals feed on poisoned victims. The death scene described above will be repeated when other animals feed on the poisoned carcass because most -- 90 percent according to one government report -- poisoned animals will not be recovered. Likely victims of this secondary poisoning include domestic dogs, birds, and other wildlife. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service notes. PLEASE NOTE other wildlife WILL include HAWKS, EAGLES, RACCOON, to say nothing of WOLVES, BOBCATS, BEARS etc. OH ALMOST FORGOT, there is ONE other potential SECONDARY VICTIM YOU! Compound 1080 is extremely dangerous to people and their environment. An EPA-labeled "super" poison, Compound 1080 poses significant threats to human beings. The manufacturer reports that each livestock collar contains enough poison to kill SIX 150-pound adults or 26 children weighing 35 pounds each.

THERE IS NO KNOWN ANTIDOTE!

The poison can leak from collars and contaminate the environment. Two government studies showed that more collars are punctured by wire, vegetation or other objects, than by coyotes, and a fair number of collars are reported as "missing." Although required that collars and wastes contaminated by Compound 1080 be disposed under three feet of soil at least one-half mile from human habitations and water supplies, nothing can be done about undetected leakage, missing collars, and unrecovered carcasses. KEEP in mind the estimate for UNRECOVERED carcasses is 90% and BECAUSE this poison is ODORLESS and TASTELESS, (making its presence in the environment extremely difficult to detect), COMPOUND 1080 maintains the SAME LEVELS l of toxicity in water, meat, or grain. It remains in the tissue of the victim, killing all animals in the food chain.

NOW WHAT HAPPENS TO THOSE ANIMALS THAT 1080 IS SUPPOSED TO PROTECT!

Regarding the sheep and goats that are supposedly "protected" by the 1080 collars -- the law requires that any animal whose collar is punctured, (Remember now, a puncture can often occur from Barbed Wire, Vegetation such as a Broken Tree Branch, or maybe even just a Rub against a Rock etc.), must be destroyed; and any animal that forages where the poison has leaked will suffer the same agonizing death as the predator.

There are a lot of other non-lethal methods that can be used to prevent livestock loss yet still ADC (Wildlife Services) keeps pushing for the use of Compound 1080 a substance originally developed in Poland, and initially patented as a MOTH-PROOFING AGENT and was also tested as a chemical warfare agent and insecticide. WHY?

OTHER NON-LETHAL CONTROL METHODS AVAILABLE!

http://www.enviroweb.org/pdi/alternat.htm

HERD MANAGEMENT!

Changing lambing times - ie. Farmers in Kansas have succeeded in cutting losses by switching to fall instead of spring lambing.

CARRION REMOVAL - Dead livestock attracts coyotes and accustoms them to the taste of domestic livestock. Carcasses should be removed and buried.

VARIABLE GRAZING - ie. rough rocky pastures or those with much cover should be avoided during lambing time.

SHEPHERDS

BETTER HUSBANDRY - ie. A study in Montana found that visibly handicapped sheep were selected by coyotes over healthy sheep. Thus, improving herd health and removing diseased or injured animals for treatment helps both to raise the heath status of the sheep flock and to avert predation.

CONFINEMENT!

Confinement close to residences - ie. penning at night time.

Shed lambing - a safe area for lambing time.

Predator-resistant fencing - especially appropriate for night penning and lambing areas. There are two types "exclusion fencing" that prohibits entry and "drift fencing" that redirects coyote movements away from sheep pens. Though more expensive then electrical fencing, the maintenance costs are lower.

Electric fencing more costly maintenance wise but is very effective in deterring coyote predation.

FRIGHTENING DEVICES!

Nighttime lighting - ie. Mercury-vapor lights with electric-eye sensors that turn on at sunset and off at dawn.

Propane exploders - produce a loud explosion (resembling a gunshot) at random intervals. They are most effective when the interval is fairly short and the location of the devices is changed every few days.

Bells - A study in Kansas found that coyotes never attacked belled sheep in a flock.

Parking a vehicle in the area of losses - may temporarily deter coyotes, especially if moved frequently.

Radios - talk radio is at least temporarily effective at deterring coyotes.

GUARD ANIMALS!

Guard dogs - Guard dogs are one of the most promising techniques in predation prevention, especially in larger, unconfined flocks. Although guard dog breeds are ancient, their use in the United States is recent.Flock guardian breeds do not herd the sheep, as a Border Collie or Australian Shepherd does. Instead, they aggressively protect their sheep from any threats. They bond with their sheep much as a wolf bonds with its pack. Guard dog breeds are large and predominantly white-coated. Breeds include the Komondor, Maremma, Slovensky Cuvac, Polish Tatra Sheepdog, Anatolian Shepherd, Kuvasz, Shar Planinetz, and Great Pyrenees.
Aggressive livestock - donkeys, horses and llamas with donkeys are usually considered to be the best species for this.

COMPENSATION to farmers and ranchers for CONFIRMED KILLS!

Bottom line - Yes, coyotes are predators.
Yes they will take down a sheep, goat, chicken etc. but
COMPOUND 1080 IS NOT the answer
and it is HIGH TIME ADC (Wildlife Services) be told ONCE and for ALL -
NO MORE USE OF COMPOUND 1080 EVER!

It is up to YOU to make sure that this horrendous poison NEVER be used in your STATE - get involved, find out if it has been approved for use - write your legislator, your congressman/woman, let them know the RISKS are FAR TOO HIGH and NO ANIMAL deserves such a horrible fate.

There is ONE other way you can help.

SUPPORT "Predator-Friendly" Wool - SEE:
http://www.enviroweb.org/pdi/wool.htm

WHY SO MUCH ATTENTION ON ADC AND IT'S METHODS?

Today, ADC exemplifies bureaucracy out of control. In 1997, the agency began calling itself "Wildlife Services" in a public relations attempt to appear that it is doing something positive for wildlife. Instead, the rogue agency relies on the same brutal, archaic management practices, and the
program remains a misdirected attempt to resolve animal/human conflicts. With a misguided focus on killing, ADC does not promote long-term resolution of conflicts, but often worsens them. And it completely fails to address the ecological imbalance it creates by destroying integral parts of native ecosystems.

BRUTAL METHODS STILL USED!

Trapping with painful devices such as the steel-jaw leghold trap and the wire neck snare.
"Denning" of coyote pups (i.e. forcing them from their dens by hooking, gassing, or other methods, and clubbing them to death).
Aerial shooting from helicopters and airplanes.
Using sheep collars containing Compound 1080, an extremely lethal poison that causes extended convulsions and suffering prior to death.
Spraying a chemical detergent on roosting birds, sometimes numbering in the hundreds of thousands, that destroys the insulating properties of their feathers and leads to death by freezing.
Using M-44, an explosive device often baited with sodium cyanide powder that explodes in an animal's mouth when bitten.

A FINAL COMMENT!

- We often think, "This can't happen in "MY" back yard" - well,
PLEASE Think Again - ADC does what it wants, when and how it wants. Here is just One family's experience.
http//www.enviroweb.org/pdi/clackamas.htm

FOR A FULL AND COMPLETE FACTUAL ARTICLE OF DATA AND INPUT - Please go to:
http//www.enviroweb.org/pdi/adcreport.htm

SOURCES FOR EXCERPTS AND INPUT!

http://www.enviroweb.org/pdi/wildlifeservices.htm
http://www.volunteerinfo.org/propaw/poison.htm
http://www.enviroweb.org/pdi/lpc.htm
http://www.osha-slc.gov/ChemSamp_data/CH_267600.html
http://www.fund.org/alerts/adc.html
http//www.enviroweb.org/pdi/adcreport.htm
http://www.mcgeorge.edu/proposition_4.htm
http://www.arkonline.com/collar.htm
http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/txt/fairs/52970


In November of 1998 the citizens of California had the foresight to ban compound 1080, Sodium Cyanide used in M-44S, and steel-jawed leghold traps in California.

During the pre-election campaigning on the issues a representative of the ADC came on to a talk show and talked about how the steel-jaw leghold trap was indeed very humane and caused virtually no damage to the animal as the steel jaw was padded....I remember wondering how many of these traps malfunctioned or were not maintained properly.

During the whole show there was no mention of compound 1080.....it is my guess that if the citizens of Calif had a clue this lethal poison was being used in our state and how truly deadly it is there would have been a public outcry that could be heard in NYC.

Here is a direct quote from congressman Peter DeFazio of Oregon: "Don't be fooled by the new name listed at the top of the stationery of the Animal Damage Control (ADC) office. The new name, Wildlife Services (WS), still represents a wasteful subsidy for private ranchers."

for the rest of this eye opening letter called
CORPORATE WELFARE BY ANY OTHER NAME....visit:
http://www.enviroweb.org/pdi/propaw.htm

Read about a one woman fight to save wildlife.
Do you think one voice can or will be heard?
The Sounds of Spring


http//www.nwf.org/nwf/nwp/tvprograms/coyote.html

This involves one of the methods ADC (Wildlife Services) uses and this is a sample of what can happen in their supposed "TARGET SPECIFIC" practises. This excerpt is taken from a program that began Wildlife Wars Premieres on TBS December 27 at 9 pm ET/6 pm PT hosted by Daryl Hannah but it is found on the National Wildlife Federation Pages.

Non-target animals -- wildlife and pets -- have been killed by traps, snares and M-44s. Without adequate signage, even people are at risk.

In one famous case,
an Oregon woman named Amanda Wood almost died. Wood had leased some of her land to a rancher who, in turn, had asked Wildlife Services to put out M-44s. While walking with her dog on the property, the dog tripped an M-44 and began going into convulsions. Wood gave the dog mouth to mouth resuscitation, but instead of reviving the dog, received a mouthful of cyanide. There were no signs in the area warning of the danger. Although there are strict government guidelines for M-44 placement, they are not always followed. An investigation by the group Animal Protection of New Mexico found several violations, which were documented on video. Fines were levied against Wildlife Services. However, with 40,000 M-44s deployed all over the West, it is difficult to oversee the placement of every single one.

The M-44 is a spring-activated device, loaded with sodium-cyanide and designed to explode in an animal's mouth. They are set in the ground and baited with either fetid meat or scent. The animal literally pulls the trigger on itself.

Aerial gunning technique.

Sharpshooters in low-flying planes or helicopters shoot animals that have been flushed out into the open by crews on the ground. The continued assertion by Wildlife Services that their methods are Target Specific is BULLSHIT! Aerial gunning is usually carried out PRIOR to herd release to pastures, therefore occurring PRIOR to ANY predation having occurred and so therefore MUST BE CONSIDERED as out right BLATANT attempts at EXTERMINATION of a species name...l the Coyote.

One other little goodie . . . and here we thought the Rancher/Farmer had to actually pay for something - HA! "Wildlife Services' livestock predator control services are FREE!" Talk about eating your cake and ice cream too - you got it - the TAXPAYER foots the WHOLE rigging' bill - while ranchers and farmers pay a pittance to graze THEIR animals on YOUR LAND and kill WILDLIFE that is also on YOUR PUBLIC LAND - The WOLF, The COYOTE, The BEAR, The BUFFALO to say nothing of the accidental, secondary deaths - WAKE UP PEOPLE or you won't have any LANDS OR WILDLIFE LEFT if ADC (Wildlife Services) and some Ranchers/Farmers have their way.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The latest on Compound 1080
July 24, 2001

Reward Offered for Capture of Wolf Poisoners

BOISE, Idaho - Defenders of Wildlife and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today offered a $20,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those responsible for illegally poisoning endangered gray wolves in central Idaho.

At least four of the federally protected wolves -- and possibly dozens more -- have been poisoned with Compound 1080, one of the world's deadliest substances - and the Fish and Wildlife Service has issued a public-health alert warning backcountry visitors to take extra precautions with their children and dogs.

Defenders of Wildlife also sent public-service announcements to radio stations across Idaho urging listeners to be careful in the backcountry.

The wolves are believed to have been poisoned by extremists bent on eradicating the animals from the Idaho wilderness. The causes of the deaths of four wolves have been confirmed as poisonings by the Fish and Wildlife Service, and several dozen more wolves are suspected to have died as a result of Compound 1080.

Anyone with information regarding the illegal killings should contact Special Agent Paul Weyland, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Law Enforcement at 208 378-5333.

"The criminals who are doing this are not only killing endangered wildlife, they could also kill any human or animal that comes in contact with the poison, including livestock, family dogs and possibly even children and hikers. We will offer our reward and whatever other assistance we can provide until those responsible are caught," Defenders of Wildlife Idaho representative Suzanne Laverty said.

Odorless and tasteless, 1080 causes convulsions, vomiting, spinal pressure, renal failure, and eventual organ failure. It's deadly to humans, and there's no known antidote. Defenders worked to ban 1080 use in the 1970s and 1980s because of the cruel and unusual way in which it kills.

Killing an endangered species is punishable by law with up to one year in jail and a $100,000 fine.

According to Agent Weyland, the poison has been found in the Salmon Challis and Sawtooth national forests. "The poison has the ability to remain lethal for months or longer," Weyland warned.

Investigators from several agencies - including the Environmental Protection Agency, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Idaho state Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - are working on this case.

"There is a five-year statute of limitations on these crimes, and we will use all of that time, if needed, to identify the person or persons responsible for this criminal act," Weyland said.

Idaho Poison Center director Dr. Alvin C. Bronstein urges anyone who suspects exposure to the poison to seek emergency medical attention. "This is a highly dangerous substance and can be lethal in very small doses," he said. "The public should keep their children, dogs and cats away from any unknown substance while in the backcountry."

The Idaho Poison Center can be reached at 1-800-860-0620.

Here's the public-service announcement from Defenders of Wildlife now available for broadcast on Idaho radio stations:

Announcer: "If you plan on hiking in central Idaho, here's a word of warning. Compound 1080, a poison that kills animals, has been spread on public lands by people who want to illegally kill wolves. But 1080 kills a wide range of animals and also is lethal to people. And, once released, it lasts for months. So, be careful, and keep your children and pets away from carcasses or anything suspicious.

Compound 1080 is deadly. To wolves. To pets. To people. For more information, visit a new web site, www.Compound1080.org.

The Fish and Wildlife Service began restoring gray wolves to the remote wildernesses of central Idaho and the Yellowstone ecosystem of the Northern Rocky Mountains in 1995.

For the rare instances in which wolves kill livestock, Defenders maintains a $200,000 fund to compensate ranchers.

Defenders also has been helping protect livestock by paying cowboys to ride herd, buying guard dogs, and buying and installing electric fences. Defenders also has contributed more than $20,000 for research on techniques to prevent wolf predation on domestic livestock.

Suzanne Laverty
208 424-9385
- or -
Jeff Woods
202 772-0269

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~~Credits~~

The biggest thanks to Merrie Lindsay from Net Researcher
for patiently digging up and researching this subject for me.


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